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The Basics of House Wiring

One of the basic requirements of any home today is to get the wiring right. With our lives dominated by gadgets and appliances, bad wiring can be catastrophic. Bad wiring can affect the running of even the most basic electronic equipment and can even damage it. When wiring or rewiring a house, it is imperative that we pick the right house wire exporters who can supply you with reliable stock and varied options.

It is also important to understand your house wiring. Even if you intend the work to be carried out by contractors, you must understand the basics of the wiring. What kind of electricity runs in your house? What are the precautionary measures that you must keep in place? What requires immediate attention and so on.

Home wiring

In India we have one neutral and two hot wires that make the basic wiring. This is the usual set-up in most residential wiring. These are equipped to handle 240/120 volts, when the actual supply is just a little less than that. The 120 volts is what most of the gadgets need. This includes appliances like a toaster. The larger limit of 240 is meant for heavy machines like a geyser. The standard here is alternative current or AC. It is preferred because it allows electricity to be carried over a long-distance.

House wiring must be as per the local electrical codes. These guidelines are in place to ensure that the wiring is done properly and there are no dangers of an electric fire. This is critical requirement since a short circuit can cause major damage. Some of the important components of your house wiring are:

Wiring: A house can have different type of wires. The wiring is usually concealed in a conduits. Today most house wires have a plastic insulated sheath. The plastic insulation is less likely to get damaged or cracked. It also protects the wires from overheating. In some cases we may also have armored cables, wires covered by steel or aluminum.

Current outlets: Outlets are where you plug in your devices. The outlet will have plug sockets and switches. The socket is where we insert a plug. A typical pig socket has three holes. These are for hot wire, neutral wire and grounding wire. The larger hole is for the grounding wire. The live wire carries the AC current, the neutral wire for return current and the grounding wire is for protection against any short circuit. Today you can get modern designs and features from any house wire exporters. Apart from different colors and design, these include features like dimmers.

Devices: These are the gadgets and appliances that use power. We have devices with low voltage requirements like lights and devices with high voltage requirement like refrigerator, washing machine and geyser. Devices with high voltage requirements are usually connected to a dedicated circuit.

Main circuit panel: Also known as the breaker box, the main circuit panel is where electricity enters our home after passing through the meter. You will a number of lugs or switches in the panel that provide it with power. From here the power is directed to various devices in the house. The panel also has the main breaker or the big switch. This controls power to the entire panel. When you suspect any danger in the house wiring, just flip the main breaker as a precautionary measure. When wiring the house, make sure that your house wire exporters provide the top quality in the circuit panel.

Meter: This is where the electricity company is feeding in the power to your home. The meter records the electricity flowing into the house, thereby telling us about the power consumption. The electricity company uses this meter readings to calculate total power tariff.

These are the basics of the wiring in your home. Despite better quality cables and rules that now regulate house wiring, accidents can still happen. Here are a few warning signs to spot:

• If there is a burnt smell or sparks or charred outlets.

• If you can hear a buzzing sound from an outlet, device or switch.

• If your main breaker keeps tripping. It either means that there is a short circuit somewhere or one of your appliances is drawing excess power.

All these are signs that you may have to change the wiring. Call a reliable house wire exporters immediately.

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